ADVERTISEMENTS: Difference between Mechanistic Organic Structure :-
The organizational structure is designed both from mechanistic as well as humanistic point of view and the structure depends upon the extent to which it is rigid or flexible. Flexible structures can also be labelled as organic. The mechanistic organizational structure is comparable to Max Webers bureaucratic organization. Max Weber, a German sociologist, along with his partners examined numerous distinct organizations to determine the structural components and highlighted those fundamental facets that describe a perfect kind of organization. Weber looked for principles and regulations, which when followed, would remove managerial inconsistencies which promote inefficiency.
He believed in strict adherence to principles that would make bureaucracy an extremely efficient type of firm founded on these principles of logic, order along with legitimate authority. He strongly believed that each deviation, from the formal construction interferes with effective management. As stated by him: The purely bureaucratic kind of administrative organization is from a strictly technical standpoint, capable of attaining the highest level of efficacy is outstanding to any other form in accuracy, in equilibrium, in the stringency of its field and in its own reliability. It thus makes potential a particularly high level of calculability of outcomes for the minds of the companies and for those acting in regard to it.
It is finally outstanding both in intensive efficacy and the range of operations and is officially capable of applying to all kinds of administrative responsibilities. The fundamental qualities of a company, according to mechanistic construction are: 1. Division of labor by practical specialization: A maximum potential division of labor makes it possible to use, in all connections of the company, experts who’re fully responsible for the successful fulfillment of their responsibilities. A well defined hierarchy of authority: Each lower official is under these control along with supervision of a higher one. Every subordinate is responsible to his outstanding to his own decisions along with in turn, the actions of his subordinates.
A system of rules covering the responsibilities and rights of all employees: These principles should be clear cut and the liability of each member in the organization should be clearly defined along with assigned along with strictly adhered to. A system of procedures to deal with work situations: These procedures must be time tested along with equally applicable under comparable situations at work. The functioning of the business based upon rational along with objective standards excludes these intervention of personal considerations, emotions along with prejudices. The unbiased approach predictably leads for optimal efficacy. Selection along with promotion of personnel based upon technical competence along with excellence: Employees are selected on these basis of a match between these job requirements along with employee capabilities. The system of promotions corresponds for seniority or merit or both. Due to the principles along with policies governing these organization,” Mechanistic” employees are protected against arbitrary dismissal or demotion. Organic structures also known as theocracies, and on these other hand, are sufficiently flexible in order for deal with rapidly changing environments.